Tuberculosis is a disease caused by bacteria called Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The bacteria can attack any part of your body, but they usually attack the lungs. TB disease is an important cause of death in adults in Ghana. In the 1940s, scientists discovered the first of several drugs now used to treat TB. This evoked a widespread belief that tuberculosis was a problem that could be solved. However, the world became complacent.
In the developing countries, the already bad situation is becoming worse as a result of the HIV pandemic. TB is a problem in Ghana,more than 15000 new TB cases were reported in 2012. People who are infected with latent TB do not feel sick, do not have any symptoms, and cannot spread TB,but they may develop TB disease at some time in future. People with TB disease can be treated and cured if they seek medical help, Further more, people who have latent TB infection but are not yet sick can take medicine so that they will never develop TB disease .
HOW IS TB SPREAD?
TB is spread through the air from one person to another, The bacteria are put into the air when a person with TB disease of the lungs or throat coughs or sneezes. People nearby may breathe in these bacteria and become infected. When a person breathes in TB bacteria, the bacteria can settle in the lungs and begin to grow. From there, they can move through the blood to another parts of the body such as kidney, spine and brain. TB in the lungs or throat can be infectious. This means that the bacteria can spread to other people. TB in other parts of the body such as kidney or spine is usually not infectious. People with TB disease are most likely to spread it to people they spend time with everyday. This includes family members ,friends and co workers.
WHAT IS LATENT TB INFECTION?
In most people who breathe in TB bacteria and become infected, the body is able to fight the bacteria to stop them from growing. The bacteria become inactive, but they remain alive in the body and can become active later. This is called latent TB infection.
People with latent TB infection :
- Have no symptoms.
- Don’t feel sick and can’t spread TB to others
- Usually have a positive skin test reaction.
- Can develop TB disease later in life.
- WHAT ARE THE SIGNS AMD SYMPTOM S OF PULMONARY TB or TB OF THE LUNGS
- Cough that lasts longer than 2 weeks.
- Chest pains.
- Coughing up blood or sputum(phlegm from deep I side the lungs).
- Weakness or fatigue.
- Weight loss.
- Loss of appetite.
- Sweating at Night DO THEY HAVE ANY VACCINE TO PROTECT ONE FROM TB? BCG is a vaccine for TB. This VACCINE is widely used in Ghana, it is often given to infants and small children. BCG does not always protect people from TB. BCG(bacilli chalmette Guerin )
Writen by Daniel Bamfo