Inability of a man to produce viable sperm which will unite with an ovum and result in conception.
There are more than 20 million sperm in a teaspoon. The most frequent cause of male infertility is low sperm count or an anatomical abnormality. Sperm factors account for 40% of all cases of infertility.
Factors affecting this include excessive heat to the testes, exposure to toxins or radiation alcohol consumption, endocrine disorders, recent acute illness, or prolonged fever. Any viral illness associated with a fever up to 3 months earlier. Testicular mumps is another cause.
A very common structural damage problem in men is a varicocele. This is a dilated vein of the spermatic duct.
If your sperm count is healthy, a cold or flue probably will affect it. But if sperm count
is borderline, an illness might render you infertile for a time.
• Obtain an adequate diet, including enough protein, essential fatty acids, and, if necessary, digestive aids.
• Pay special attention to selenium deficiency as a factor in male infertility.
• Strictly adhering to a gluten-free diet has enabled some men, who previously thought they were sterile, to become fathers.
• Do not use anabolic steroids! They can shut down the pituitary gland and throw the body’s hormonal system out of balance. Athletes often have fertility problems. Long-time use of steroids can permanently damage the testicles.
• Drinking alcohol reduces sperm count in men.
• Do not overheat the testes. If you do, they will produce sterile sperm for several hours or up to a day afterward. The testes must remain a half degree cooler than your core body temperature. Fevers to the body, closefitting underwear, or hot tub baths can cause this.
• Do not have intercourse for several days prior to the special fertile time.
• Tagamet and Zantac, two ulcer medications, decrease sperm counts and may even produce impotence.
• In some cases, sperm count is so low that the only means of fertilization is artificial insemination.
• If a varicocele is the problem, it must be treated by surgery.